1. Find fun ways to help him with the subjects he has a hard time with such as using games and activities. You will find lots of ideas on this site that will help. See the Educational Math Crafts and Activities Page, Printable Review Games, Education Crafts and Games for Kids, Great Children's Books, and Educational Crafts.
2. If your child shows an interest in anything, go with it. If he asks you a question such as, "How do they make pencils?" Don't say, "I don't know", say, "Let's find out." or "As soon as we finish this, we will try to find out." Write it down so you don't forget and your child can go back to concentrating on what he is supposed to be doing, then look it up on the Internet, or go to the library.
3. If your child has a special interest such as animals or cars, center his studies around that subject. Talk to him about learning as much as he can about that subject so that when he is older he might pick it as a career. If he doesn't feel like reading, remind him that if he wants to be an expert in this area, he will want to learn as much as he can about it. Find every book you can about that subject, and have your child read about it. If he is interested in it, he will do much better. Before you start reading go through the book with him and look at the pictures. Ask questions about the pictures such as "Why do you think he has that on his head?" Create interest in the book so that he will want to find out more by reading the book. If your child has a hard time reading, make deals with him. You can say, "If you read this whole page, I will read the next one."
If you can't find books that are at his level on the subjects he likes, use the harder books and just have him read the words he can. Or stop every time you come to an important word that you want him to learn. For example, if he likes cars and you are reading about cars, read a sentence and stop every time you come to the word car and have him read it.
4. If your child likes horses, do math related to horses. If you read about how tall a horse is, get out your measuring tape and show him how tall that actually is. Make up games relating to horses for his level. You can have him count horses, make up a horse race game, etc. Make up math problems relating to horses. For example you could ask, "If I own three horses and buy two more, how many horses will I own? Or find out how much a horse cost and discuss money. Ask things like, "If I have a hundred dollars and a horse cost three hundred dollars, how much more will I need to buy the horse?" Study spelling and vocabulary words that relate to horses. When reading stories about horses write down words that your child has a hard time with. He will be much more interested in learning words about the things he enjoys than just learning a list of random words. Use the words he learns to help him learn other words. For example, if he learns how to spell the word car and is having trouble with the word card, tell him that it is spelled a lot like car. He may even be interested in learning all the words he can with the word car in them.
5. Don't overwhelm your child with paperwork. Don't place a worksheet in front of him if it he can't handle it. Use the problems on the worksheet in a game instead. (You will find lots of ideas for games on this site.) When you are done playing the game, you can show him the worksheet and tell him that he just did all the problems on the page.
6. If you child has a large assignment break it down into smaller portions. For example, if he has to do thiry problems, give him only five at a time, and take a break or do something fun in between each set of problems.
7. Give your child incentives to do his work. Tell him if he completes a certain amount of problems, he will get to do something special. It doesn't have to be anything big. It could be something like he can watch five minutes of a video, or play a game for five minutes, etc.
8. Use props, games, puppets, and anything else you can think of to teach your child.
1. If your child has learning difficulties, he may begin to believe that he is stupid and that everyone else is better them him. To help him realize that he isn't the only one in the world who has difficulties, use a puppet and make the puppet also have some of the same problems. For example, if your child is having a hard time reading, use a puppet that also has a hard time reading. Your child will gain confidence when he can help the puppet learn to read. You can also make the puppet have some of the same characteristics as your child so that he sees how difficult they are to deal with sometimes. For example, if your child has a hard time sitting still or looses his patience easily, make your puppet be the same way. Your child will want to help the puppet with his problems and at the same time help himself deal with the same problem.
2. If your child has a problem with writing everything perfectly (OCD) and can't seem to finish a paper because of his obsession, have your puppet be the same way. Give the puppet the same worksheet you give your child. Have the puppet erase the same answer over and over until he gets is exactly right, and make your puppet sound frustrated. Your child will see that the puppet is having problems getting past the first problem and may want to help. He may try to reassure the puppet that he wrote it good enough, and he should go on to the next problem. When your child is telling the puppet how to overcome its problems, he is also teaching himself how to overcome his own. Then he may be able to tell himself the same thing he told the puppet and be able to go on to the next problem by himself.
3. If your child has a hard time completing a worksheet, have the puppet do it for him. But make the puppet answer some of the questions wrong so that your child has to go back over the worksheet and correct them. This way he is doing the worksheet and doesn't even know it. When your child finds a wrong answer have the puppet look very disappointed or moan. Your child will probably try to reassure the puppet that everyone makes mistakes. This may also help your child realize that it isn't all that bad if he gets a problem wrong. This is a great technique for a child with OCD who obsesses about every problem.
4. Children with sensory issue may not like touching a pencil or the paper, in this case you can write down what he or she tells you to write or you can have your child use a hand puppet over his writing hand. The writing my not look that great, but all that really matters is that your child understands the problems.